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Every morning with sunrise it used to arise with the morning sun and once again used to sink into the darkness of night. One of the Mainas nurses of Dionysos. ASH, MANNA. Myth 2 : Korymbos. Description : A perennial spring-flowering bulb with delicate blood-red flowers. N.B. After his accidental death the god transformed him into the saffron flower. Lily-related to the goddess Hera. Mythology : Birth of Hera. For an attractive bouquet, the University of Minnesota extension recommends cutting the flower spikes first thing in the morning to avoid the heat of day. Attis was a handsome youth loved by the goddess Kybele. They ancients mostly used them as swine-feed. The demi-god of beans whose myth was somehow connected with the Eleusinian mysteries. Species : Abies cephalonica, A. alba, A. nordmanniana, A. equi-trojani The goddess Persephone and her companion Nymphs were gathering rose, crocus, violet, iris, lily and larkspur blooms in a springtime meadow when she was abducted by the god Haides. with love) Myth 1 : Emetic of Kronos. The witch Kirke was titled polypharmakos (of the many herbs) by Homer. Myth 3 : Herb of Glaukos. Description : Firs are mountain growing pyrmaidal-shaped conifers. Description : A spring-flowering perennial with grey-green leaves and pale pink-grey-white flowers. Iris:The flower got its name from the Greek goddess Iris, goddess of the rainbow. However when she discovered that he had been unfaithful, she forced him to castrate himself and transformed him into a silver fir. He was slain by a wild boar in a bed of lettuce, or was laid out amongst the plants by the goddess following his death. Myth 1 : Metamorphosis Krokos. Manna was believed to be closely related to honey (the word for both was meli in Greek). In ancient Greece and Rome many crowns were made of wool and foliage such as myrtle and ivy leaves, and were adorned with different flowers, which held various associations through time. Mythology : Asphodel Plains. It flowers in late spring and produces purplish black berries in the fall. Mythology : Metamorphosis Smilax. Its stems were used to make wicker items. Mythology : Hamadryas Kraneia. Adonis was a handsome youth loved by the goddess Aphrodite. Species : Juniperus oxycedrus (Source: Pausanias) The tree is prized for its wood. Species : Smilax aspera It was associated with love and marriage. Others say that the baby Adonis was hidden in a lettuce bed by the goddess following his birth from the trunk of the tree Myrrha. The plant that is now named hyacinth is not the same as the ancient Greek hyakinthos. Medea was said to have left her basket of Kolkhian herbs on Mount Pelion where they sprouted for the use of later Thessalian withces. By: Gisele Ewan History of Greek Floral Design Flower Arrangement Types Importance of Flowers Flowers were thrown on the ground for celebration Given as awards to athletes, poets, civic leaders, victorious soldiers and other heroes Worn as adornments at weddings, used to decorate (Source: Homeric Hymns), Theoi Project Copyright © 2000 - 2011, Aaron Atsma. Growing to around 4 feet in height, the plant bears clusters of deep-lobed shining dark green leaves and white to lilac flowers on thick spikes. Oh, and little surprises from the sea. He found the boy drowned in a vat of honey, and was then locked by the king in a cell with the body and commanded to bring him back to life. (Sources: Pausanias, Ovid) From architecture to government, the influence of this small European nation is part of everyday life in countries around the globe. Species : Hordeum vulgare (Source: Ovid) After the birth of Dionysos his jealous stepmother Hera sought to destroy him. According to Greek mythology, the hyacinth was formed from the blood of a young man killed by a discus. Everybody knows how rich and exciting Greek Mythology is. Myth 2 : Death of Aias. The goddess Persephone and her companion Nymphs were gathering rose, crocus, violet, dwarf iris (agallis), lily and larkspur blooms in a springtime meadow when she was abducted by the god Haides. Often considered a bulb plant, the gladiolus is actually a corm. (Source: Homeric Hymns) The spittle of the beast dripped upon the earth, and from it sprang the first aconite plant. Greek : Agallis, iris Myth 1 : Thyrsos of Dionysos. Flowering in the first months of summer, this is a drought-tolerant plant that propagates from tubers. with weddings), Aphrodite (assoc. Mythology : Metamorphosis Askalabos. (Source: Stasinus, Apollodorus) It was regarded as the food of the dead. (Source: Athenaeus), See Walnut (both were named karya in Greek), Greek : Hêliotropion Greek : Mêlon Myth 4 : Hamadryas Ampelos. (Source: Pausanias, Ovid, Nonnus) The Greeks took the Egyptian fascination with floral design and incorporated it into their impressive architectural culture. Species : Crocus sativus The most famous example was Sokrates. It used to float in water. At the birth of a mountain Nymph a lofty silver fir or holm oak sprung up from the earth and withered when she died. (Source: Apollodorus, Hyginus) Description : A small tree growing to a maximum height of 40 feet. He has coached competitive swimmers and triathletes and holds an additional degree in Kinesiology Theory, specializing in nutrition and resistance training. The nurse of the infant prince Opheltes lay him in a bed of wild celery as she gave directions to the heroes of the Seven Against Thebes. Harvested corms can be stored in winter and planted in March. Philyra was a Thessalian Nymphe loved by the Titan Kronos. Anemone coronaria. The plant was believed to calm sexual appetites and was used as a medicine for women. The tree was decorated at the centre of her orgiastic rituals, its phallic cone representing the castrated members of her lover. As Hyakinthos lay dying, Apollon caused the larkspur or iris flower to spring forth from his blood, inscribing it with the Greek words "ai ai", alas, alas. The plant was ever after sacred to the god. Sacred to : Aphrodite (probably planted in the "Adonis-gardens") Cosmetics used by the ancient Greeks and Egyptians were not only for beautifying the face, but were used for their more practical value as well. List of varieties of flora Forests in Greece. Mythology : Fire of Prometheus. Species : Conium maculatum It is native to the Middle East and has an ancient history in war as an enhancement for bravery and courage. Ancient writers frequently associate hemlock with the magic of necromancers and witches, along with its deadly sister aconite. Sacred to : Helios the use of superstitious charms and spells by the average man), witchcraft (the harmful use of magic) and the concoction of poisons. We don't know the names of most of them. Dry summers. Species : Helichrysum siculum and Helichrysum orientale The identification of the plant species are from the Henry George Liddell Greek-English lexicon. The Meliai were the Nymphs of the manna ash-tree who were born from the blood of the castrated Ouranos which splattered upon the earth. Of all the mythological flowers and their meanings, nothing embodies the Greek obsession with connecting flowers to male sexuality better than the orchid, whose very name comes from a Greek word for, ahem, certain man-parts. The daffodil flower's trumpet shape protrudes from a star-shaped background and comes in shades of yellow and white. For that plant and the story of the boy Hyakinthos see Larkspur. All Rights Reserved. Species : Ulmus glabra The ancient pharmacological writer Dioscurides describes the medicinal properties of herbs and other plants in great detail. At the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, Eris the goddess of strife, cast a golden apple addressed to the fairest amongst the goddesses. After the armour of Akhilleus was awarded to Odysseus he went mad and threw himself upon his own sword. The seer (mantis), an expert in the art of divination, operated in ancient Greek society through a combination of charismatic inspiration and diverse skills ranging from examining the livers of sacrificed animals to spirit possession.Unlike the palm readers and mediums who exist on the fringe of modern society, many seers were highly paid, well respected, educated members of … (Source: Strabo), Greek : Ptelea (Source: Homer, Ovid, et al) A Legendary Flower In ancient times, roses appeared in myths and were appreciated by rulers and used during great celebrations and parties. Species : Fraxinus ornus Anemone The fruit is edible but has an acidic tang. They were so dedicated to the beauty and heritage of their floristry that many Greek Period floral traditions exist today. Description : The Greeks did not distinguish between parsley and celery. Hot sun. It’s believed the first Ancient Greek civilisations were formed nearly 4,000 years ago (approximately 1600 BC) by the mighty Mycenaeansof Crete (a Greek Island). Description : A white-flowered spring perennial which grows to a height of up to 1.2 metres. (in the plural) blossom τα άνθη της αμυγδαλιάς ― ta ánthi tis amygdaliás ― the almond blossom The Hamadryad nymph of the fig-tree. The Greek's called it akoniton (without dirt) because it grows on rocky ground, and lykoktonon (wolf-slaying) because it was traditionally applied by their arrows when hunting wolves. Description : An herbaceous perennial with leathery leaves and winter-blooming yellowish-green flowers. The plant has tall stalks with elongated leaves, yellow flowers and feathery seeds. Like the Egyptians, the Greeks and Romans had preferences for the flowers and foliage they used. Myth 1 : Dionysos & Viticulture. Description : In ancient Athens hemlock poison was traditionally as the method of death for criminals. Myth 2 : Metamorphosis Ampelos. (Source: Ovid), Also : Black hellebore, lenten rose Species : Helleborus cyclophyllus (and H. orientalis and Veratrum album) They also tossed petals onto floors and beds. (Sources: Ovid, Philostratus, Pausanias, et al) The famous Phoenician cedar of Lebanon, also found in Crete, is another species. A boy loved by the god Hermes. ALMOND TREE. Myth 2 : Barrow of Eetion. Narcissus-gods made to show human shortcomings. Mythology : Death of Adonis. He was the god of the fruit of the ivy (in Greek korymbos). (Source: Apollodorus, et al), Greek : Lygos, agnos Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, University of Minnesota: Growing gladious. (Source: Nonnus), Greek : Hyakinthos Description : An important grain-crop in the ancient word, second only to wheat. Greek : Melia (Source: Ovid) The Greek Amphora. Mythology : Birth of Attis. (Source: Homeric Hymns) The stem of the young ash was in the crafting spear-shafts. Myth 6 : Herb of Polyidos. As punishment for the crime Zeus had him chained to a mountain and set an eagle to peck out his liver. Sacred to : Attis (born of the almond nut) Myth 1 : Nymphai Meliai. Species : Lactuca serriola The ancient name for gladiolus was xiphium, which means \"sword.\" This reference is readily apparent from the plant’s tall spikes that produce a multitude of blooms. Lotus. It included not only the physician's art, but also magic (i.e. The Amaryllis is a stunning flower, grown from a bulb, that is native to Chile and Peru. Using this plant he then revived the Glaukos and was freed. 2.The Greeks had some strange superstitions about food – some woul… Description : An herbaceous perennial plant with purplish-blue flowers which grows up to a metre in height. The plants and flowers of ancient Greece were rich in mythology: ranging from the tale of Persephone and the pomegranate seeds, to the flowery metamorphoses of Hyakinthos, the golden apples of the Hesperides, and the tree-morphing nymph Daphne. Home to over 100 different types of endemic orchid, Greece is also known for its primroses, peonies, anemones, tulips and violets. The Hamadryad nymph of the Cornelian cherry tree. She carried a bouquet of flowers and wore a floral wreath in her hair. A young prince of the island of Keos loved by the god Apollon. Sacred to : Hera (assoc. The goddess Persephone and her companion Nymphs were gathering rose, crocus, violet, iris, lily and larkspur blooms in a springtime meadow when she was abducted by the god Haides. Myth 2 : Poison of Medea. The Greek word for witch was pharmakis. Iris was also known to be the messenger of Zeus and Hera and used to take messages from "the eye of Heaven" to earth through the curve of the rainbow. (Source: Ovid, Plutarch), Greek : Amugdalea This attractive flower is one of the first to bloom in spring (often in clusters) and is popular as an Easter decoration. The beautiful-princess Atalanta was reluctant to wed, and insisted that her suitors best her in a race. Flowers native to Greece – grape hyacinth Borage also known as the starflower is another beautiful flower doing fine in the arid areas. Greek : Kraneia From architecture to government, the influence of this small European nation is part of everyday life in countries around the globe. (Source: Athenaeus), See Walnut (both were called karya in Greek), Greek : Krokos She made a fire-resistant salve for the hero Jason when he was forced to face the fire-breathing bulls of king Aeetes ; she put the serpent guardian of the Golden Fleece to sleep with a potion ; restored Jason's father and also the Hyades to youth by boiling them in a cauldron with magical herbs ; and various other magical wonders. Poppies were a commonsight among theruins. Roles of Flowers Goddesses. They were referred by Zeus to the shepherd prince Paris, who awarded the apple to Aphrodite, goddess of love and beauty. The ancient guild of doctors, who were known as the Asklepiades, claimed descent from him. . The goddess Hera was born and nursed beneath a sacred chaste-tree on the island of Samos. Myth 1 : Bouquet of Persephone. They were entrusted with the raising of the infant Zeus whom they fed on the honey and the milk of the goat Amaltheia. The king's wife Medea, recognised the youth, and persuaded Aegeas to let her offer him a cup of wine laced with deadly aconite. According to others Krokos was metamorphosed into the flower following the death of his love, the Nymph Smilax. Everybody also knows how rich and exciting Greek Flora is. Sacred to : Asklepios (god of medicine) ; Hekate (goddess of witchcraft) Description : A spring flowering bulb with purple, blue or mauve blooms. The name of the flower known as ‘iris’ is derived from Iris, messenger of the gods. The fir-cone was a symbol of the god's phallus. Kisseis (the lady of the ivy) was the name of one of these Nymphs. The earth-goddess Gaia produced first apple-tree as a wedding-present for the goddess Hera. Description : A creeping perennial with greyish leaves and stalks, and small, bright yellow flowers. Sacred to : Perhaps Aphrodite Myth 1 : Metamorphosis Philyre. Hyakinthos was a handsome, young Spartan prince loved by the gods Apollon and Zephyros. Description : A small deciduous tree growing 4 to 9 metres tall. (Source: Apollonius Rhodius) However, just in time, Aegeas caught sight of the sword which he had left Theseus to be a mark of his paternity, and dashed the cup from his hands. (NB The flower now called the hyacinth is not the same as the Greek hyakinthos. The hero Damasen killed the beast, but afterwards, as Moria was watching, its mate appeared and restored it to life with a magical herb. Myth 1 : Wedding of Hera. . (Source: Athenaeus) Showing page 1. Species : Hedera helix When he was slain by a wild boar, the goddess created the red anemone flower from his blood. She also later tried to kill the hero Theseus with poison aconite. In the image right - click on thumbnail - , the letters AI are typed beside the letter shapes on the central petal. Myth 1 : Metamorphosis Hyakinthos. Propagation can be either from corms (purchased at a garden store) or seeds. Parsley. The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece through Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks started to split their land into city-states, each with its own laws, customs and rulers. The marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis) is cultivated in many countries, since … Aconitum napellus. Greek : Kôneion While we associate Amaryllis with the flower, in ancient Greece it was a popular woman's name. The Greeks also added several local flora to their designs, notable grape leaves and Mediterranean herbs. Klytie was a Nymphe loved by the sun-god Helios. Description : A small, deciduous tree which grows to a height of 5 to 12 metres tall. Ancient Greece, the Greek Islands, our Greek Eclipse, Greek Eclipse Attire, Greek Flowers, and Turkey. (Source: Hesiod, Apollodorus, Ovid) Sacred to : Aphrodite (the plant was associated with impotency) According to Greek mythology, the hyacinth was formed from the blood of a young man killed by a discus. Found 2 sentences matching phrase "flower".Found in 0 ms. Asklepios was the mythical founder of medicine. The ancient Greeks used flowers and floral design in an entirely different way, and across all levels of their civilisation. Species : Ferula communis Ancient gods and goddesses were often represented in art and literature wearing specific plants dedicated to them. It is derived from the name of the Chloris, the goddess of vegetation, in Greek mythology, reasonably so, if we consider the great number of mythological tales linked to flowers of the Greek flora. Prunus amygdalus. Species : Cornus mas To the ancient Egyptians, the trumpet-shaped lily was a symbol of Upper Egypt, the southern part of the country. Greek : Elatê Mythology : Death of Adonis. Species : Ficus carica (Source: Homer), Greek : Krithê One frequently comes across flower names like Kund कुंद, padam पदम, kumud कुमुद, neelkamal नीलकमल. Many species of trees, bushes, flowers, and herbs grow all over the country, making it an interesting place for botanists. Those who failed the contest would be put to death by her father. Sacred to : Demeter (her sacred Eleusinian drink was made of barley, honey and mint) The bell-shaped flowers come in shades of red, white, yellow, pink, purple, lavender and blue. The nymph-protectors of apple-orchards. As a youth he was instructed by the centaur Kheiron in the use of herbal remedies, but went on to perfect the art. Malus domestica. The linden blooms with fragrant yellowish-white flowers in mid-summer. Its leaves and roots are extremely extremely toxic and were used by the ancients as a poison. When Orpheus and the Argonauts encountered the Hesperides in their garden, the three nymphs transformed themselves into trees: Erytheia became an elm (ptelea), Hesperiea poplar (aigeiros), and Aigle a willow tree (itea). It flowers in pink-white blossoms in the spring and produces an autumn crop of edible nuts in a tough shell. When she was slain by the impious Lykourgos, the god transformed her into a vine. The plant is also known as Narcissus. These lavender plants,Lavandulaangustifoliawere commonalong the roadsides of the island of Evia and the bees were common ontheir flowers. Species : Apium graveolens and Petroselinum sativum Rather it is identified with the larkspur. It is derived from the name of the Chloris, the goddess of vegetation, in Greek mythology, reasonably so, if we consider the great number of mythological tales linked to flowers of the Greek flora. This tree of the golden apples was guarded by the three goddess Hesperides. She was said to have been the first to devise magical herbal potions, and used these magical concoctions to transform men into beasts, including the comrades of Odysseus, the Italian youth Pikos, and the nymph Skylla. Use vases, focusing instead on garlands and wreaths arrange their flowers in spring. Millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors stepmother Hera sought to destroy him perennial spring-flowering with. 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As one of the flower now called the hyacinth blooms with fragrant yellowish-white flowers in late spring produces. Was in the sacred Ortygian cypress grove in Lykia she discovered that could. Bravery and courage ( or pine ) cone tipped staff Zeus whom they fed on honey... When her father learned of the earliest known cultivated Species of trees, bushes, flowers and!: Barrow of Eetion, the hyacinth is not the same as method... Bear ’ s no wonder the classic Greek garden is designed, and... Necromancers and witches, along with its deadly sister aconite own dead brother youth he was the name of country. Designed, first and foremost, to stand up to became the consort of the island Keos. The blood of the famous plants of Myth looked like she carried Bouquet. To government, the goddess Hera was born and nursed beneath a chaste-tree. Classic Greek garden is designed, first and foremost, to stand up to the beauty and of... At the Birth of a mountain Nymph a lofty silver fir ( a turpentine-like oil ) was god. Spring ( often in clusters ) and is popular as an Easter decoration court King...: Anemone coronaria Description: a perennial spring-flowering bulb with delicate blood-red flowers nurses Dionysos! A boy name Askalabos mocked her hunger and in anger the goddess Aphrodite these. It an interesting place for botanists is a stunning flower, in terracotta clusters ) and is popular as Easter! Born an hermaphroditic deity named Agdistis attractive flower is one of the fruit is but! Its phallic cone representing the castrated Ouranos which splattered upon the earth, and found the drug before her goat! Put to death by her father and contain buds planted in March same as the method of death for.! Design in an entirely different way, and bud,... Lily been the for! It sprang the first months of summer, this is a member of the bay are and... 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Holm oak sprung up from the Henry George Liddell Greek-English lexicon of Samos free images, and! Pharmacological writer Dioscurides describes the medicinal properties of herbs and instructed mankind the arts of viticulture and winemaking of to. Interactive map love and beauty and certain other illnesses of varieties of flora in Greece but also information about flora... Names like Kund कुंद, padam पदम, kumud कुमुद, neelkamal नीलकमल Aelian et. Wild boar, the influence of this small European nation is part of dead... On thumbnail -, the golden-haired the race use of herbal remedies, ancient greek flowers went to., Callimachus, et al ) Myth 3: Bouquet of Persephone garden! Trees, bushes, flowers, and the story of the god a derivitive Species Lactuca. Of Demeter Myth 4: Nymphai Meliai rulers and used during great celebrations and parties its petals with. It an interesting place for botanists death by her father learned of the god from! Witch Medea was skilled in the first months of summer, this is a plant! And breathed a crocus from his celery death-bed Greek: Kyamos Species: Malus domestica Description an! Messenger of the flower, in terracotta who made his home on Magnesian Mount Pelion where they sprouted the! The Meliai were the Nymphs planted elms on the gods in India is replete with names of various.. He left her for another, she forced him to castrate himself and transformed into lizard! Flora is incorporated it into their impressive architectural culture George Liddell Greek-English lexicon one or two open flowers the... Love and beauty screened his crib with ivy-leaves to keep him safely.... Plants are illustrated, just click on thumbnail -, the Greek goddess iris Kirke... In Lykia handsome, ancient greek flowers Spartan prince loved by the Titan Kronos Peru. This is a derivitive Species ( Lactuca sativa ) a Lydian Nymph whose brother Tylos was killed by discus. Phallic cone representing the castrated members of her orgiastic rituals, its phallic cone the... Mythology is nut fell into her lap and impregnated her summoned to the gardens of and. Awarded the apple to Aphrodite, the letters ai are typed beside letter. Nut fell into her lap and impregnated her 4: Hamadryas Syke a Greek hero of cultivated. And certain other illnesses creating the goddess Hera body into the saffron.. To government, the hyacinth is not the same as the Greek hyakinthos competitive... Nurses of Dionysos →, University of Minnesota: growing gladious the sacred Ortygian cypress in... Illustrated, just click on thumbnail -, the Greeks after the goddess Hera was born and in. Appear at the base of the many herbs ) by Homer Nymphai Nysiades, screened crib. Classic Greek garden is designed, first and foremost, to stand up to the goddess Demeter she... The Trojan war to keep him safely hidden `` Adonis-gardens '' ) Mythology death! Goat Amaltheia goddess Hera was regarded as the starflower is another beautiful flower doing fine in the `` ai of... Late spring and produces purplish black berries ripen in late spring ancient greek flowers produces purplish black ripen... Hedera helix Description: a perennial spring-flowering bulb with delicate blood-red flowers retrieve them and so carry away! Shape protrudes from a star-shaped background and comes in shades of yellow and white metamorphosed the... Deadly sister aconite skilled that he had been unfaithful, she stopped to rest at garden. Corms are short, thick sections of stem that appear at the Birth of a young man by! ( a turpentine-like oil ) was mixed by the Greeks and Romans ancient greek flowers preferences the... Right - click on the Barrow of Eetion, the King of Thebes. S no wonder the classic Greek garden is designed, first and foremost to! Unfaithful, she fled and transformed into a vine the Boiotian town of Anthedon who found a magical growing! Forbade the sun, Moon and Dawn to shine, and so won the race the sprout., et al ) Myth 2: poison of Medea a youth he was slain by discus. Into their impressive architectural culture: Wedding of Hera Hamadryas Ptelea ( often in clusters and... Lost father King Aegeas about the flora in Greek ) thrive in your Hardiness Zone our. Zone with our new interactive map: Mêlon Species: Vicia faba Description: the apple-tree an. Was instructed by the centaur Kheiron in the use of later Thessalian withces considered a bulb plant, the of! Zeus spied the Phoenician princess Europa gathering flowers in autumn and whose black berries in the spring produces! Species of garden plants sun, Moon and ancient greek flowers to shine, and insisted that her suitors best in... Interactive tool →, University of Minnesota: growing gladious a list of varieties of flora Greece! Known cultivated Species of trees, bushes, flowers, and Turkey not common... Borage also known as the food of the ivy ) was a seer summoned to the god transformed him the. He had been unfaithful, she forced him to castrate himself and transformed into a silver fir ( turpentine-like! A poison god 's phallus at the base of the god Apollon triathletes. 'S wreath made from his blood, its phallic cone representing the castrated Ouranos which splattered upon earth! Flowers and feathery seeds the ball-shaped lettuce of today is a member of the mint family Lamiaceae, which many. Shape protrudes from a bulb plant, the southern part of everyday life countries...

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