The driest month on record is June 1949, with 0.02 inches (0.51 mm) of rainfall. Parking Policies: An Overview of Management Strategies", "Andrew Cuomo announces $450M plan to build AirTrain connecting LaGuardia Airport to the subway", "Cuomo Announces AirTrain to LaGuardia Airport from Subway, LIRR", "NYC Transit Projects: East Side Access, Second Avenue Subway, And 7 Train Extension (PHOTOS)", "Architect Chosen for Planned Office Tower Above Port Authority Bus Terminal's North Wing", "The Port Authority of NY and NJ 2016 Air Traffic Report", "2011 Year-to-date International passenger Traffic (as of December 2011)", "Stewart International Airport upgrade approved as Port Authority aims to increase passenger traffic", "La Guardia Airport to Be Overhauled by 2021, Cuomo and Biden Say", "Staten Island Ferry ridership breaks record", "First of New York's citywide ferries arrives in Brooklyn Bridge Park", "This is the new high-speed ferry coming to New Jersey in 2017", New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission, "The Downside of Ride-Hailing: More New York City Gridlock", "Cuomo pushes for ride-sharing services outside NYC", "The Myths and Metaphors of Music and Dance Singin' in the Rain", "New York City's streets are 'more congested than ever': report", "New York Is Set To Be First U.S. City To Impose Congestion Pricing", "Federal government delays NYC congestion pricing by at least a year", "Congestion Pricing's Failure A "Shining Example" Of Government Dysfunction", New York State Department of Motor Vehicles, "Port Authority of New York and New Jersey—George Washington Bridge", "GW Bridge Painters: Dangerous Job on Top of the World's Busiest Bridge", "New York Harbor Video—How the Earth Was Made", "Longest Suspension Bridges in the World", New York Architecture Images-Manhattan Bridge, "Queens-Midtown Tunnel Historic Overview", "Count on It: NYC Bike Commuting Climbs 26 Percent", http://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/30/nyregion/new-yorkers-bike-lanes-commuting.html, "More New Yorkers Opting for Life in the Bike Lane", "After Spike in Deaths, New York to Get 250 Miles of Protected Bike Lanes", "K1084-2011: Recognizing Yunnan Province and Chongqing Municipality of the People's Republic of China as a "Sister City" with New York City", Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898, New York (Manhattan, the Bronx, Staten Island), International Mercantile Marine Company Building, New York County Lawyers' Association Building, Trinity and United States Realty Buildings, Federal Reserve Bank of New York Building, Leadership and Public Service High School, Location of the capital of the United States, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_York_City&oldid=1002515331, Former state capitals in the United States, Populated coastal places in New York (state), Populated places established by the Dutch West India Company, New York (state) populated places on the Hudson River, Port cities and towns of the United States Atlantic coast, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using infobox settlement with possible area code list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Articles with failed verification from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2005, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990; dew point 1965–1984), Over a fifth of the Bronx's area, 7,000 acres (28 km, This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 20:25.  These include the Woolworth Building, an early example of Gothic Revival architecture in skyscraper design, built with massively scaled Gothic detailing; completed in 1913, for 17 years it was the world's tallest building..  The World Trade Center PATH station, which had opened on July 19, 1909 as the Hudson Terminal, was also destroyed in the attacks. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor. , Under the Köppen climate classification, using the 0 °C (32 °F) isotherm, New York City features a humid subtropical climate (Cfa), and is thus the northernmost major city on the North American continent with this categorization. The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge connecting Staten Island to Brooklyn across The Narrows. The United Nations Headquarters was completed in 1952, solidifying New York's global geopolitical influence, and the rise of abstract expressionism in the city precipitated New York's displacement of Paris as the center of the art world. Each year, the Conservatory hosts a senior Showcase in New York for all B.F.A.  In 1754, Columbia University was founded under charter by King George II as King's College in Lower Manhattan..  New York City is home to such notable private universities as Barnard College, Columbia University, Cooper Union, Fordham University, New York University, New York Institute of Technology, Rockefeller University, and Yeshiva University; several of these universities are ranked among the top universities in the world..  In 2012, the largest Jewish denominations were Orthodox, Haredi, and Conservative Judaism. Additionally, there have been 14 World Series in which two New York City teams played each other, known as a Subway Series and occurring most recently in 2000. Trinity Church bicentennial celebration, May 5, 1897 By Trinity Church (New York, N.Y.) p. 37, "An Act for the Gradual Abolition of Negro Slavery in New York" (, , "African Americans in New York City, 1626–1863". Unlike the rest of the United States, New York State prohibits right or left turns on red in cities with a population greater than one million, to reduce traffic collisions and increase pedestrian safety. As many as 10,000 escaped slaves crowded into the city during the British occupation. Party platforms center on affordable housing, education, and economic development, and labor politics are of importance in the city. Filipinos were the largest Southeast Asian ethnic group at 0.8%, followed by Vietnamese, who made up 0.2% of New York City's population in 2010. City residents and businesses also sent an additional $4.1 billion in the 2009–2010 fiscal year to the state of New York than the city received in return..  The colony of New Amsterdam was centered on what would later be known as Lower Manhattan. The combined systems converge at Grand Central Terminal and Pennsylvania Station and contain more than 250 stations and 20 rail lines. 1900–1990: U.S. Census;, New York City is the most populous city in the United States, with an estimated 8,336,817 residents as of July 2019[update], incorporating more immigration into the city than outmigration since the 2010 United States Census. The city also hosted the 1932 U.S. Open golf tournament and the 1930 and 1939 PGA Championships, and has been host city for both events several times, most notably for nearby Winged Foot Golf Club. 450 Park Avenue was sold on July 2, 2007 for $510 million, about $1,589 per square foot ($17,104/m2), breaking the barely month-old record for an American office building of $1,476 per square foot ($15,887/m2) set in the June 2007 sale of 660 Madison Avenue. The public State University of New York (SUNY) system includes campuses in New York City, including: Downstate Health Sciences University, Fashion Institute of Technology, Maritime College, and the College of Optometry.  To attract settlers, the Dutch instituted the patroon system in 1628, whereby wealthy Dutchmen (patroons, or patrons) who brought 50 colonists to New Netherland would be awarded swaths of land, along with local political autonomy and rights to participate in the lucrative fur trade.  A disproved legend claims that Manhattan was purchased for $24 worth of glass beads.  Today Fort Hamilton serves as the headquarters of the North Atlantic Division of the United States Army Corps of Engineers and for the New York City Recruiting Battalion. New York City has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor–council form of government since its consolidation in 1898. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. Staten Island (Richmond County) is the most suburban in character of the five boroughs. Several prominent American literary figures lived in New York during the 1830s and 1840s, including William Cullen Bryant, Washington Irving, Herman Melville, Rufus Wilmot Griswold, John Keese, Nathaniel Parker Willis, and Edgar Allan Poe. The primary orientation of the annual street parades is typically from north to south, marching along major avenues. Brooklyn is home to Fort Hamilton, the U.S. military's only active duty installation within New York City, aside from Coast Guard operations. Thirteen out of 27 U.S. congressional districts in the State of New York include portions of New York City. With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. In 2014, 24% of New Yorkers self-identified with no organized religious affiliation; a little over 3% of New Yorkers were atheist. , New York's airspace is the busiest in the United States and one of the world's busiest air transportation corridors. New York's non-white population was 36,620 in 1890. The New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at $23.1 trillion as of April 2018.  The rail network, connecting New York City to its suburbs, consists of the Long Island Rail Road, Metro-North Railroad, and New Jersey Transit.  The New York City Marathon, which courses through all five boroughs, is the world's largest running marathon, with 51,394 finishers in 2016 and 98,247 applicants for the 2017 race. , (ranked by 2015 revenues) The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens, facing the East River in May 2017. 3, an integral part of the New York City water supply system, is the largest capital construction project in the city's history, with segments serving Manhattan and the Bronx completed, and with segments serving Brooklyn and Queens planned for construction in 2020. In 2015, fewer than 23,000 New York City residents were employed in the manufacture of garments, accessories, and finished textiles, although efforts to revive the industry were underway.  Due to their high usage of mass transit, New Yorkers spend less of their household income on transportation than the national average, saving $19 billion annually on transportation compared to other urban Americans.  The Queens Night Market in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park attracts more than ten thousand people nightly to sample food from more than 85 countries..  The city was regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was subsequently renamed New Orange for one year and three months; the city has been continuously named New York since November 1674.  As of 2017[update], New York City had 1,333 miles (2,145 km) of bike lanes, compared to 513 miles (826 km) of bike lanes in 2006. Broadway, from 159th Street to 218th Street in Upper Manhattan, is named Juan Rodriguez Way in his honor. The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York.  The New York metropolitan area hosts the most sports teams in the four major North American professional sports leagues with nine, one more than Los Angeles, and has 11 top-level professional sports teams if Major League Soccer is included, also one more than Los Angeles. The five boroughs—Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island—were created when local governments were consolidated into a single city in 1898.  Geographically co-extensive with New York County, the borough of Manhattan's 2017 population density of 72,918 inhabitants per square mile (28,154/km2) makes it the highest of any county in the United States and higher than the density of any individual American city.  HHC operates 11 acute care hospitals, five nursing homes, six diagnostic and treatment centers, and more than 70 community-based primary care sites, serving primarily the poor and working class.  Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world's leading financial center and the most financially powerful city in the world, and is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. ", The annual New York City Pride March (or gay pride parade) traverses southward down Fifth Avenue and ends at Greenwich Village in Lower Manhattan; the parade rivals the Sao Paulo Gay Pride Parade as the largest pride parade in the world, attracting tens of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June. The Fire Department of New York (FDNY), provides fire protection, technical rescue, primary response to biological, chemical, and radioactive hazards, and emergency medical services for the five boroughs of New York City. , Many of the world's largest media conglomerates are also based in the city.  The first recorded Jewish settler was Jacob Barsimson, who arrived in August 1654 on a passport from the Dutch West India Company. New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790.  As of 2019[update], the New York metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $2.0 trillion. New York interracial abolitionist activism continued; among its leaders were graduates of the African Free School. Approximately 12 million visitors to New York City were from outside the United States, with the highest numbers from the United Kingdom, Canada, Brazil, and China. Through this program, New York City has expanded its international outreach to a network of cities worldwide, promoting the exchange of ideas and innovation between their citizenry and policymakers. The first non-Native American inhabitant of what would eventually become New York City was Juan Rodriguez (transliterated to Dutch as Jan Rodrigues), a merchant from Santo Domingo. Ticker-tape parades celebrating championships won by sports teams as well as other heroic accomplishments march northward along the Canyon of Heroes on Broadway from Bowling Green to City Hall Park in Lower Manhattan. B.F.A. New Yawkese An Endangered Dialect?  In Queens, the elevated AirTrain people mover system connects JFK International Airport to the New York City Subway and the Long Island Rail Road; a separate AirTrain system is planned alongside the Grand Central Parkway to connect LaGuardia Airport to these transit systems. , Organized crime has long been associated with New York City, beginning with the Forty Thieves and the Roach Guards in the Five Points in the 1820s. Uniquely among major American cities, New York is divided between, and is host to the main branches of, two different U.S. district courts: the District Court for the Southern District of New York, whose main courthouse is on Foley Square near City Hall in Manhattan and whose jurisdiction includes Manhattan and the Bronx; and the District Court for the Eastern District of New York, whose main courthouse is in Brooklyn and whose jurisdiction includes Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island.  New York City is home to some of the nation's—and the world's—most valuable real estate.  A community numbering 20,000 Korean-Chinese (Chaoxianzu or Joseonjok) is centered in Flushing, Queens, while New York City is also home to the largest Tibetan population outside China, India, and Nepal, also centered in Queens.  In 1911, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, the city's worst industrial disaster, took the lives of 146 garment workers and spurred the growth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union and major improvements in factory safety standards..  The city is also frequently the setting for novels, movies (see List of films set in New York City), and television programs.  The difficult years of the Great Depression saw the election of reformer Fiorello La Guardia as mayor and the fall of Tammany Hall after eighty years of political dominance.  Brooklyn Liberation March, the largest transgender-rights demonstration in LGBTQ history, took place on June 14, 2020 stretching from Grand Army Plaza to Fort Greene, Brooklyn, focused on supporting Black transgender lives, drawing an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 participants..  Annually, the city averages 234 days with at least some sunshine. The Port of New York and New Jersey is also a major economic engine, handling record cargo volume in 2017, over 6.7 million TEUs. New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, significantly influencing commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. In 1609, the English explorer Henry Hudson rediscovered New York Harbor while searching for the Northwest Passage to the Orient for the Dutch East India Company.  Garden apartments became popular during the 1920s in outlying areas, such as Jackson Heights.  According to Academic Ranking of World Universities, New York City has, on average, the best higher education institutions of any global city. Major tourist destinations in Manhattan include Times Square; Broadway theater productions; the Empire State Building; the Statue of Liberty; Ellis Island; the United Nations Headquarters; the World Trade Center (including the National September 11 Museum and One World Trade Center); museums such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art; green spaces such as Central Park and Washington Square Park; the Stonewall Inn; Rockefeller Center; ethnic enclaves including the Manhattan Chinatown, Koreatown, Curry Hill, Harlem, Spanish Harlem, Little Italy, and Little Australia; luxury shopping along Fifth and Madison Avenues; and events such as the Halloween Parade in Greenwich Village; the Brooklyn Bridge (shared with Brooklyn); the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade; the lighting of the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree; the St. Patrick's Day parade; seasonal activities such as ice skating in Central Park in the wintertime; the Tribeca Film Festival; and free performances in Central Park at Summerstage. 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